Follow our e-learning course.

Develop your own coastal adaptation strategy by learning key methodologies and techniques.

The IMCORE project ran from 2008 to 2011 and was funded under the EU Interreg IVB programme.

VIDEO: Find out why the IMCORE partners developed this website and how it can be useful for practitioners

toolbox
Access or download overviews, tools, techniques and examples of visualisation tools, educational tools, legal and policy tools, future scenario techniques, etc

top10lessons
Practical tips for following the IMCORE approach to planning to adapt to coastal climate change 

9 Case Studies and Adaptation Strategies

map 9experiences_

Subcategories

  • Lough Swilly

    Our partners addressed coastal and climate issues through development of a strategy aimed at integration and co-ordination of management agencies

    map lought

    See a close up on Google Maps

    Who we are:

    The University of Ulster’s Centre for Coastal and Marine Research (CCMR) and Donegal County Council (DCC)

    Key climate change issues:

    Sea level rise and increases in sea temperature. Increased storminess may also have detrimental affects. Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in Lough Swilly; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our institutional framework.

    What we did:

    • Followed the IMCORE approach to develop the Lough Swilly Climate Change Adaptation Strategy

    • The Lough Swilly Environmental and Activity Audit a first step towards Marine Spatial Planning

    • Lough Swilly: A Living Landscape. A semi academic publication

    • Proposals for a Marine Discovery Centre.

    The Lough Swilly coastal adaptation strategy

    Click here to download the Donegal adaptation strategy

    Our unique approach:

    • A strategic approach to the development of the Climate Change Adaptation Strategy by involving a consultative group comprising local authority staff, elected members and representatives from state organisations with management responsibility.

    • The process was structured and focused, with a clear objective; this avoided the perception of "just another talking shop".

    What we achieved:

    To bring strategic management agencies together for what they have described a very useful and interesting exercise.

    A consensus that improved co-ordination of efforts by all management agencies is required.

    Improved awareness of climate and coastal change issues.

    What we learned:

    The future for adaptation in Lough Swilly is uncertain due to the current political climate, lack of statutory remit and policy funding. Climate Change will be part of the County Development Plan in Donegal but without a statutory responsibility for adaptation its prioritisation is difficult.

    Read the full summary text of the Lough Swilly case study





    Planning to adapt in Lough Swilly:
    guidance



  • Aberdeen Beach

    "We made visualisation tools accessible to coastal practitioners to communicate about climate change"

    map aberdeen

     See a close up on Google Maps


    Who we are:

    University of Aberdeen and Aberdeen City Council

    Key climate change issues:

    Coastal erosion and flooding. Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in Aberdeen Beach; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our specific institutional framework.

    What we did:

    Issues identification workshop, scenario workshop, GIS training videos, adaptation strategy workshop, training session on PESTLE analysis, provided GIS support, training events with young people and communication activities.

    Our unique approach:

    The council and university work together on planning and implementing a waterfront regeneration project in a long-neglected area of Aberdeen.

    It was our priority to tackle the lack of education and the apathy of some segments of the local population by expanding the communities understanding of climate change.

    What we learned:

    A broader partnership would have been beneficial to improve impact and scope.

    City councils and coastal practitioners wre very interested in visualisation tools. Video training allows them to apply these methodologies in their working environment.

    Data availability is an important issue to be taken into account at the beginning of the process.

    Read the full summary of the Aberdeen case study


    Planning to adapt in Aberdeen beach


    guidance



  • Cork Harbour

    "Working together we have helped the Harbour community develop the capacity to plan for a changing climate"

    map cork

    See a close up on Google Maps

    Who we are:

    Cork City Council and the Coastal and Marine Resource Centre (University College Cork), Ireland.

    Key climate change issues:

    The most obvious climate change impact on the sectors that routinely utilise the Harbour is flooding as this has historically had negative social and economic implications, especially for residents and business owners in vulnerable areas of the City Centre.. Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in Cork Harbour; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our specific institutional framework.

    What we did:

    First climate change workshop, Issues workshop, Exploratory Scenaros workshop and development of Narratives, Backcasting workshop, development of an online visualization tool, various communication actions, Cork Harbour Open Day, etc.

    The Cork Harbour coastal adaptation strategy:

    Click here to download the Cork Harbour Adaptation Strategy actions table. The adaptation framework can also be consulted.

    Our unique approach:

    • Implementation of the Integrated Management Strategy for Cork Harbour through the Cork Harbour Management Focus Group.
    • Initiating the development and future implementation of an adaptive strategy for climate change in Cork Harbour.

    Click here to read the full summary of the Cork Harbour case study



    Planning to adapt in Cork Harbour:

    guidance



  • Belgian Coast

    "We developed a better understanding of how the legal and policy context in Belgium influences adaptation"

    belgian-coast

    See a close up on Google Maps

    Who we are:

    The Maritime Institute (University of Gent) and the Agency for Maritime and Coastal Services (Flemish government).

    Key climate change issues:

    Protection from coastal flooding. Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in the Belgian Coast; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our specific institutional framework.

    What we did:

    We organised workshops on the issues, drivers and scenarios. The Maritime Institute did research on the legal and policy aspects of adaptive strategies, while the Agency for Maritime and Coastal Services made a Belgian Coastal Codex available through a web based application and freely accessible for everyone.

    The Belgian coastal adaptation strategy:

    Click here to download the Belgian Coastal Adaptation Strategy

    Our unique approach:

    • At a second workshop for developing future scenarios we assessed the ecological, social and economic impacts on three important Belgian coastal sectors, namely fisheries, tourism and coastal defence.
    • Adaptation measures were assessed for efficiency and subject to a legal and policy evaluation.
    • We coordinated our work in the context of the development of the Integrated Master Plan for Coastal Safety in parallell with a Decree on Coastal Safety

    What we learned:

    Communicating the purpose of workshops and good promotion and facilitation is essential. Giving the invited stakeholders alternatives to provide input to the process if they cannot attend (ie: questionnaires).

    We realised that adaptation initiatives should be established at a local level, starting from sectoral adaptation plans combined in regional adaptation plans. More communication between sectors is required for successful implementation.

     

    Read the full summary of the Belgian Coast case study


    Planning to adapt in the Belgian Coast:

    guidance



  • East of England

    " We tried to understand better the conflicts between economic growth and community needs, against adaptive responses to climate change impacts"

    belgian-coast

    See a close up on Google Maps

    Who we are:

    CoastNet worked with the partners of the East of England Coastal Initiative and with the coastal communities of Jaywick

    Key climate change issues:

    Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in the East of England; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our specific institutional framework.

    What we did:

    Read here about the activities carried out in the East of England

    The East of England coastal adaptation strategy:

    The lessons learned from the coastal initiative have been compiled into a draft summary document presented in powerpoint format. The partners have also compiled a draft action plan to guide the work of a wide range of institutions in relation to adaptation to climate change.

    Together these documents form a wide ranging adaptation strategy for the area of the East of England.

    Draft Summary Document draft-imcore-coastal-initiative-key-findings

    Draft Action Plan coastal-initiative-draft-action-planv1-02

    Our unique approach:

    The CoastNet team in Jaywick consciously chose NOT to follow a traditional approach of issues report, consultation, options appraisal etc. This is because this approach had lost credibility in the community because of the severe challenges in Jaywick leading to the view that 'nothing is ever done'. As a charity we felt we had more freedom to work in a different way. Thus many months were spent in basic engagement with community leaders and groups: listening, getting involved, supporting, building trust. This process has enabled the team to understand community priorities, to gain trust and to give a strong sense of direction to the adaptation strategy, (which we call a community action plan).

     
    Read the full summary of the East of England case study



    Planning to adapt in the East of England

    guidance



  • Severn Estuary

    "We now have better informed stakeholders who are more engaged with the debate on future coastal issues, including climate change"

    map severn

    See a close up on Google Maps

    Who we are:

    The Expert Couplet involved Cardiff University and the Severn Estuary Partnership. Stakeholders included local planners and educators and school children were involved from the Welsh side of the estuary.

    Key climate change issues:

    Sea level rise and storm surges. Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in the Severn Estuary; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our institutional framework.

    What we did:

    Surveys, workshops, exploratory socio-economic scenarios, adaptation guidelines, simple summaries of climate change science and impacts, a baseline study of the Severn estuary environment, large scale events and education materials.

    The Severn Estuary coastal adaptation guidelines and actions:

    To download the guidelines click here. To download the actions click here

    Our unique approach:

    • Adaptation guidelines instead of an adaptation strategy: there was concern that all the different planning authorities around the Severn were taking varying approaches and using different climate change predictions
    • Special focus on planning and Local Authorities because of their particular concern about development and flood risk on the urban, low-lying and potentially vulnerable shores of the estuary
    • Awareness of the need to raise awareness of climate change in local school children, tomorrow's decision makers.

    What we learned:

    The Severn Estuary is large and complex and it takes considerable time and effort to develop outputs which are meaningful to the estuary community. We've also learnt the value of tapping into local knowledge and expertise. It was clear that our engagement with representative local authorities in addition to estuary-wide forums and networks enabled better 'ground truthing' of the final adaptation guidelines.

     

    Read the full introductory text to the Severn case study


    Planning to adapt in the Severn Estuary


    guidance

  • Gulf of Morbihan

    "Our first steps towards adaptation have been to understand public perception, increase awareness and collaboration and provide a decision support tool for policy makers"

    map morbihan

    See a close up on Google Maps

    Who we are:

    The French ECN consists of SIAGM (the Gulf of Morbihan intercommunal spatial planning syndicate) who spearhead the Gulf of Morbihan Regional Nature Park project, and UBO (the University of Western Brittany) via UMR AMURE (the Research Unit/Centre for the law and economics of the sea).

    Key climate change issues:

    Sea level rise. Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in the Gulf of Morbihan; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our specific institutional framework.

    What we did:

    Identifying local climate change issues, detailing the state of scientific knowledgeinterviewing key people, analysing uses of spatial planning tools, developing scenarios, using visualization tools, strengthening adaptive capacities, dissemination to existing networks, public presentation of findings through various communication actions.

    The Gulf of Morbihan adaptation strategy

    For more details please click here to see the results of the scenario to strategy work

    Our unique approach:

    Choosing or developing one single scenario was not possible due to the complexity involved (the large number of stakeholders and the prevailing uncertainty about natural events and timely interactions).

    The interactive tree diagram, as opposed to paper documents, is the best way to make the information immediately accessible and in a format that is both user-friendly and better adapted to the managers' practices, expectations and needs.

    Read more about the overall process and approach of the Gulf of Morbihan Couplet here.

    What we learned:

    Climate change adaptation is not a central issue for the local area.

    French local stakeholders were not used to the scenario development method.

    Scientific knowledge on climate change is inextricably bound to the uncertainties that accompany it.

    Read the full summary of the Gulf of Morbihan case study


    Planning to adapt in the Gulf of Morbihan:

    guidance



  • Sefton

    "For us, education proved to be a critical investment for climate change adaptation"

    map east

    See a close up on Google Maps

    Who we are:

    Sefton Council and Edgehill University

    Key climate change issues:

    Sea level rise, increasing storminess, changes in rainfall patterns, increasing temperatures and increasing humidity could have potentially significant implications. The knock on effects of these changes could see the Sefton Coast alter dramatically for both better and worse. Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in the Sefton Coast; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our specific institutional framework.

    What we did:

    Raised awareness through the Issue Identification workshop, further developed the local evidence base (ie dune hydrology study, habitat response to an eroding coast, etc.), adaptation workshops and risk assessment, educational activities and pack for primary schools, local forum focused on coastal change and an academic conference.

    The Sefton coastal adaptation strategy:

    Click here to download the strategy

    Our unique approach:

    To support the understanding of future scenarios we developed the evidence base and communicated it to partners before workshops.

    We have a strong committment from key partners on the coast to adapt. There is a need to embed the adaptation approach into existing policy.


     

    Read the full summary of lessons learned at the Sefton case study


    Planning to adapt in Sefton:

    guidance

  • North East England

    "We found that connecting coastal communities, local authorities and public bodies was the key to successful adaptation planning"

    map northeast

    See a close up on Google Maps

    Who we are:

    Durham County Council (Durham Heritage Coast) and CTL Consult (formerly Envision)

    Key climate change issues:

    Sea level rise and increased frequency and / or intensity of extreme events leading to, for example, storm surges and overtopping.The North East Coast is vulnerable to coastal erosion, landward migration of sand dunes and overtopping. Click on this link to learn more about Climate Change in North East England; coastal activities that could be affected, drivers and impacts and our specific institutional framework.

    What we did:

    Issues identification workshop, a steering group was set up for the local initiative called ForeSea. They delineated the preferred scenario for the region and then worked backwards to foresee how the preferred future can be reached from the present day.

    Actions were produced with applicable timelines to achieve these activities. Such narratives have been used as a basis for the launch of the North East Coastal Network to forge better communication in the region

    The North East of England coastal adaptation strategy

    Click here to download the strategy

    Our unique approach:

    To build on existing work in the region, specifically on the Climate NE Adaptation Strategy.
    Our focus was on "coastifying" this strategy.
    Emphasis on long term thinking and promoting interaction and "togetherness" among climate change actors.


    Read the full summary of the North East England Case Study


    Planning to adapt in North East England

    guidance

This learning portal brings together the results and lessons learned from the IMCORE project. This project was funded under the Interreg IVB programme from 2008 to 2011.

 footertransparent updated