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Develop your own coastal adaptation strategy by learning key methodologies and techniques.

The IMCORE project ran from 2008 to 2011 and was funded under the EU Interreg IVB programme.


Download the final Belgian Coastal Adaptation Strategy here

VIDEO: Frank Maes, Caroline Lootens and Miguel Berteloot explain the benefits of working together and the particularities of the Belgian Coast

 "The level of detail on scientific evidence has to be in balance with the scale and scope of the project. Time should not be wasted on too detailed research.             Frank Maes
Our stakeholders had difficulties to think outside the box of the preferred future, sectoral approach and the exiting institutional framework.                             Marian Willekens

Access or download overviews, tools, techniques and examples of visualisation tools, educational tools, legal and policy tools, future scenario techniques, etc

Practical tips for following the IMCORE approach to planning to adapt to coastal climate change 

guidance3For our three case studies (coastal defence, tourism and fisheries), different possible adaptation measures were defined and discussed in the workshops. We performed a pre-Multi-Criteria Analysis on the different measures, based on different evaluation criteria, like technical feasibility, importance, ecosystem approach, urgency or institutional complexity, to select the most efficient adaptation measures. Those adaptation measures were all subjected to a legal and policy evaluation based on the following criteria:

1) Is there legal or policy support for the proposed adaptation measure?

2) Are there related international and national conventions, agreements and legislation? and

3) What is the institutional complexity of implementation? The evaluation has shown that although for most measures a legal framework is in place, some legal amendments are needed to provide an adequate tool to support adaptation measures.

We realised that the implication of different adaptation measures could have political and legal constraints. Therefore we looked at the international and European framework on adaptation to climate change. Furthermore, when looking at mainstreaming climate change adaptation into existing legislation, we found out that there are benefits of including climate change adaptation into existing Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) legislation.

We learned that:

• Raising awareness is very is vital to have a representative input at the workshops.

• Good communication of the effects of climate change as well as the purpose of the workshop is very important in order to be able to captivate the participants.

• Our stakeholders had difficulties to think outside the box of the preferred future, sectoral approach and the exiting institutional framework. However, they were of the opinion that a combination of different measures would the most effective. Also, they agreed that inland solutions seem difficult along our coast because of a shortage of space.


Expert couplet meetings with the Management Unit
What we did

Expert couplet meetings with the Management Unitof the North Sea Mathematical models, Flanders Hydraulics Research, Arcadis and ILVO (Fisheries), the Flemish Environment Agency, Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), on the development of an evaluation framework for adaptation measures to come to adaptation strategies. These meetings took place under the CLIMAR-project. 

We had several meetings to discuss the benefits of and approaches to a Belgian coastal adaptation strategy and worked together with the partners of the CLIMAR-project

Why we did it

• To create a broader platform for the strategy

• To collect scientific information and policy views on a Belgian coastal adaptation strategy

What we achieved • Together we established an evaluation framework for adaptation measures.

• Assessed several adaptation measures for tourism, fisheries and coastal defence which are included in the coastal adaptation strategy.

• Established a CLIMAR research report.

Problems we had Making sure that the different adaptation measures of the different sectors are integrated.

Think beforehand on possible synergies between the different coastal sectors. In assessing the measures work closely together with all sectors involved.

What we learned

Developing a coastal adaptation strategy is a long-term iterative process which asks for regular follow up and in dept discussions.


Adaptation measures workshops.
What we did

These were a part of the three particular issue workshops (coastal flooding (4 December 2008), fisheries( 9 December 2008) and tourism (14 October 2010)).

We engaged stakeholders to discuss options for alternative coastal protection measures in the context of climate change as well as for adaptation measures for fisheries and tourism. Later on we evaluated the chosen adaptation measures in our policy and legal evaluation.

Why we did it

• To engage stakeholders in the adaptation strategy process and to create awareness on the effects of climate change and the need for adaptation.

• To create a firmer footing for implementing the adaptation strategy. The more people who are involved in the process, the easier the adaptation strategy will be implemented.

What we achieved Several possible adaptation measures are identified which were evaluated and were taken into account in the establishment of a Belgian coastal adaptation strategy.
Problems we had Individual problems per sector made it difficult to make a difference between general measures for the sector and specific climate change adaptation measures.

Experienced facilitators to keep the workshops on the right track, namely the track of climate change adaptation and not adaptation in general.

What we learned

• The people and venue are vital. Awareness raising is important.

• Clear images of the effects of climate change is crucial.

• Emphasises the need for the adaptation process.


Further Information

Click here to view the Management Unit of the North Sea Mathematical models website 

Click here to view the Flanders Hydraulics Research website

Click here to view the Arcadis website

Click here to view the ILVO website

Click here to view the Flemish Environment Agency website

Click here to view the Flanders Marine Institute website

Click on the links to download the adaptation measures workshop reports from October 2010, December 2008 and December 2008.

Click here to download the Policy and legal evaluation of adaptation measures

Click here to download the Adaptation to climate change: the international and European policy

Click here to download Hyperlink to Adaptation to climate change and Strategic Environmental Assessment

Click here to download the Belgian Coastal Adaptation Strategy

Click here to download the Screenshot Impacts and Measures

This learning portal brings together the results and lessons learned from the IMCORE project. This project was funded under the Interreg IVB programme from 2008 to 2011.

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