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Develop your own coastal adaptation strategy by learning key methodologies and techniques.

The IMCORE project ran from 2008 to 2011 and was funded under the EU Interreg IVB programme.


Download the final Belgian Coastal Adaptation Strategy here

VIDEO: Frank Maes, Caroline Lootens and Miguel Berteloot explain the benefits of working together and the particularities of the Belgian Coast

 "The level of detail on scientific evidence has to be in balance with the scale and scope of the project. Time should not be wasted on too detailed research.             Frank Maes
Our stakeholders had difficulties to think outside the box of the preferred future, sectoral approach and the exiting institutional framework.                             Marian Willekens

Access or download overviews, tools, techniques and examples of visualisation tools, educational tools, legal and policy tools, future scenario techniques, etc

Practical tips for following the IMCORE approach to planning to adapt to coastal climate change 

guidance2This workshop took place under the CLIMAR and IMCORE project. Climate change scenarios for the Belgian coast are developed based on scientific information. These scenarios are used to assess the ecological, social and economic impacts on three important Belgian coastal sectors, namely fisheries, tourism and coastal defence. All this scientific information forms the basis for the elaboration of an evaluation framework for adaptation measures and strategies.

We learned that:

• It is very important to explain in advance the purpose of the workshop (what do you want to achieve, in which step of the process fits the workshop, what are the next steps) and to distribute the questionnaire in advance. This would enable the participants to think beforehand on the drivers of change of importance for them in establishing a coastal adaptation strategy.

• The way the questionnaire is formulated is very important. Formulating the different drivers in the questionnaire sometimes lead to a restrictive interpretation of the drivers. They needed to score certainty and importance at the same time, which lead sometimes to a similar score, even though certainty and importance are two different things.

• A good schedule which provides enough time for discussion and input from the participants is vital, since it is a very time consuming workshop.



Socio-economic changes Workshop
What we did

This was a part of the workshop "How dynamic is our coastal tourism in times of climate change" on 21 April 2009.

Maritime Institute, Agency for Maritime and Coastal Services and Arcadis organised an exploratory scenarios workshop.

First we put lots of effort (presentations) in informing the participants on the effects of climate change for tourism as well as on the purpose of the workshop and the IMCORE project. Secondly a questionnaire was distributed in order to facilitate the discussion in the afternoon. The participants had to consider their view on the effects and adaptation measures as well as on the main drivers that will shape a coastal adaptation strategy. Thirdly, the results of the questionnaires were visualized by placing the different drivers of change mentioned in the questionnaire on the axes (importance and certainty). The results were discussed within the group of stakeholders present in the workshop, in order to check if the positioning was correct, since the results were based on the use of averages. Subsequently, the group was asked to identify other drivers of change.

Why we did it

To identify what will shape a coastal climate change adaptation strategy for the Belgian coast (drivers of change).

What we achieved Drivers of change were indentified through the use of the PESTLE framework. This information enabled the Belgian Expert Couplet to develop 4 exploratory scenarios.
Problems we had • Again it was very difficult to engage all coastal stakeholders probably due to an overload of workshops on coastal zone related matters. Only 32 people of the 120 invitation send out attended. The best represented was the research community. None of the 10 coastal municipalities were present.

• It was also difficult to let people think outside the box of a preferred future, sectoral approach and the exiting institutional framework.


It is of importance that you have experienced facilitators who can explain the purpose of workshop and make sure people can think outside the box. Provide some examples of exploratory scenarios and drivers of changes to make the attendants familiar with the process.

What we learned

• It is vital that facilitators understand the purpose and process of the workshop, in order to keep the focus of the workshop on the exploratory scenario process and not a preferred scenario process.

• Make notes of the discussion, this provides important information to write down the scenarios later on.

• If you use a questionnaire it is very time consuming to analyse all the data. Therefore, make sure you have at least two people who can focus on this. Or distribute the questionnaire in advance, but then it is necessary that the recipients understand the purpose of the questionnaire.


Click here to view Arcadis website

Click here to download the ECN Scenario workshop presentation

Click here to download the individual ECN Scenario reports

Click here to download the Questionnaire

Click here and here to download the Answers on Questionnaire in graphs

Click here to download the Scenario Evaluation Proforma


Developing Exploratory Scenario Narratives
What we did

Using the information gathered in the workshop we developed 4 exploratory scenario narratives (Every man for himself, one for all and all for one, five minutes to midnight, last minute problem solving). Out of those four, we chose one preferred scenario (one for all and all for one).

Why we did it

To describe events and trends as they could evolve based on alternative assumptions on how these events and trends may influence the establishment of an adaptation strategy for the future.

What we achieved Four future scenarios circulated to the participants of the workshop.
Problems we had Lack of feedback on the scenarios.

Explain the purpose of the scenarios even more, and emphasise the importance of feedback.

What we learned

Communication on the whole process and engaging stakeholders is very important.


Click here to download the Screenshot Different Scenarios

This learning portal brings together the results and lessons learned from the IMCORE project. This project was funded under the Interreg IVB programme from 2008 to 2011.

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