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The IMCORE project ran from 2008 to 2011 and was funded under the EU Interreg IVB programme.

Access or download overviews, tools, techniques and examples of visualisation tools, educational tools, legal and policy tools, future scenario techniques, etc

Practical tips for following the IMCORE approach to planning to adapt to coastal climate change 

Through a preliminary consultation with local stakeholders, IMCORE were able to identify the main issues at stake and subsequently focus on urban planning and infrastructures. Identifying the major issues at this early stage allowed the IMCORE partners to consider a wide range of coastal uses, such as natural habitats, and recreational and commercial marine activities. Nevertheless, it must be noted that the study would have benefited from wider input. Had project resources permitted, the French ECN would have further developed the issues related to climate change impact on maritime, social and cultural uses. However, these issues have been dealt with, albeit indirectly, in this study.


Figure 3: The different project phases


The IMCORE project in the Gulf of Morbihan consisted of the following phases:

• Identifying local climate change issues. This mainly took the form of two workshops for local actors and a survey carried out in the Gulf of Morbihan on the local inhabitants' perceptions about climate change (1,062 people questioned).

• Detailing the state of scientific knowledge in the Gulf of Morbihan in order to identify climate change issues. This was done in collaboration with scientists working on these problems and thus enabled them to assess climate change outcomes in the Gulf of Morbihan area.

• Interviewing the key people who were unable to attend the workshops (10 people questioned).

• Analysing how spatial planning tools are used for climate change integration (on a legislative basis: click here to download the legal report made by Betty Queffelec).

• Developing scenarios based on the identified issues by using visualisation tools. The scenarios themselves were developed in collaboration with local councillors, technicians, professional representatives and associations over the course of two workshops. Once the scenarios had been finalized, they were immediately put before local actors through the medium of nine focus groups and individual interviews. Around 70 people participated in the process.

• Using visualisation tools to create 3D models. For the duration of the project, SHOM (the French state naval hydrographic and oceanographic service) made available its Litto3D model. This model enables the sea-level rise impacts on coastal zones to be displayed in 3D format.

• Strengthening adaptive capacities through a local adaptive strategy that encompasses all scenarios, their effects and the strategic choice outcomes for the local area.

• A public presentation of the findings took place on 5 February 2010. The project's final outcome will be presented in September 2011 at a conference in the Gulf of Morbihan.

Click here for more details on the IMCORE process in France.

Vision of the Gulf of Morbihan Couplet

The French ECN consists of SIAGM (the Gulf of Morbihan intercommunal spatial planning syndicate) who spearhead the Gulf of Morbihan Regional Nature Park project, and UBO (the University of Western Brittany) via UMR AMURE (the Research Unit/Centre for the law and economics of the sea). For more than ten years, SIAGM has been incorporating ICZM (integrated coastal zone management) principles into its processes and local actions. This participatory approach on the part of all local actors is a vital element- not only to share findings, but also to participate in spatial planning decisions, even if it is still the local councillors who make the final decisions. SIAGM plays the role of facilitator, as eventually, the syndicate hopes to be able to hand over the reins of the project.

UMR AMURE comes under the umbrella of IUEM (the European University Institute of the Sea) and is a specialized research unit that uses multidisciplinary and applied research methods to study coastal zone vulnerabilities, one of which stems from climate change.


Objectives of the Gulf of Morbihan Couplet

The Couplet's main objective is to work with local stakeholders, policy makers and local managers to build a climate change adaptive management strategy: all couplet stakeholder actions and interactions contribute to achieving this aim. Indeed, the couplet's guiding belief is that the adaptive management strategy process is as important as the strategy itself because it is a means of involving local stakeholders, policy makers and managers in the project and of raising their awareness about climate-related coastal zone issues.

Scope of the Gulf of Morbihan Couplet

In the Gulf of Morbihan, as in most French coastal territories, climate change issues are barely touched upon in coastal zone management policies. Policy makers consider climate change impacts to be a low priority because of the prevailing uncertainty that surrounds the importance, impact and timescale of these potential events. SIAGM's objective is to raise awareness and bring about a better integration of climate change issues into the Gulf of Morbihan's coastal zone policies. It is to this end that UBO lends its scientific support.

This learning portal brings together the results and lessons learned from the IMCORE project. This project was funded under the Interreg IVB programme from 2008 to 2011.

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