Follow our e-learning course.

Develop your own coastal adaptation strategy by learning key methodologies and techniques.

The IMCORE project ran from 2008 to 2011 and was funded under the EU Interreg IVB programme.

Access or download overviews, tools, techniques and examples of visualisation tools, educational tools, legal and policy tools, future scenario techniques, etc

Practical tips for following the IMCORE approach to planning to adapt to coastal climate change 

Future scenarios were developed at a stakeholder workshop and further discussion on the scenarios produced took place through focus groups. The first workshop (scenario development) was very long and extremely intensive: a one-day workshop may have been more appropriate as it would have given the participants more time between the different scenario development phases.


Developing future scenarios
What we did

A panel was created. The members of the panel were knowledgeable and motivated, and included the following stakeholders: local councillors, social and professional representatives, experts, associations, representatives from relevant government bodies. These local stakeholders were invited to participate in two workshops: workshop 1 was dedicated to scenario development and workshop 2 to scenario validation.

This involved mutually creating scenarios during the workshops and then writing up these scenarios back in the office.

Why we did it

The objective of this mutual approach was to engage the local stakeholders in a dialogue about climate change issues, which in general, are barely touched upon in coastal zone management policies. This mutual approach also enables the participants to share and claim ownership of the results.

What we achieved

At the end of the first workshop, we had enough information to create three draft scenarios based on the following question: "In the Gulf of Morbihan, what are the possible futures for urban planning and infrastructures liable to suffer the effects of climate change?" The task of writing up these scenarios was undertaken by UBO and SIAGM and was done internally. The draft scenarios were then submitted to the attendees of the first workshop (the local representatives) to check that the transcript properly reflected the day's events and discussions. Minor adjustments were made during the second workshop. Participants seemed to be satisfied with the amended scenarios.

Problems we had

At this stage, the main issue was how to mobilize the various local actors who represented different interests and sectors.

One of the difficulties that organizers often face with a participatory workshop is that local actors are generally not used to taking part in workshops that are so highly led.

Solutions (if any)

Contact details were taken from all participants in order to ensure that they remained active and in the loop. To ensure that participants stuck to the set method, we provided handouts that stated the "rules" to be followed at each stage of the process. The handout was in memo format and this step-by-step approach was thought to be preferable to explaining the overall scenario development method in one go. These handouts were not only useful for the participants, but also for the workshop leaders, who were able to use them as a means to direct the work back on track when it had gone off topic.

What we learned

Had the first workshop taken place over the course of one day, rather than half a day, this extra time would have provided for a calmer working atmosphere in general. Some participants were sceptical that any scenarios would be produced from the first workshop. However, when the developed scenarios were unveiled in the second workshop, these participants said that they were satisfied with the results and that the scenarios were in line with their recollections of the first workshop. Thereby, the scenarios developed matched the issues identified.

Exploratory scenarios were chosen because they seemed to be the most pertinent way to explore possible futures with local actors on a given territory, or where there was no consensus on the issue of climate change.


Presentation of scenarios to the focus groups for in-depth discussion, expansion, and higher relevance.
What we did

To create the focus groups, an exhaustive list of all relevant stakeholders was prepared, which included farmers, government bodies, local councillors, environment agencies, people working in the marine, tourism, transport and yachting sectors, and hikers  which in total made for nine focus groups. Each focus group comprised people who had attended a workshop (of between three and ten people) and/or people who had been interviewed individually as they were unable to participate in their particular workshop's focus group.

Why we did it

The objective of the focus groups was to further enhance the scenarios through contributions from a wide a range of actors as possible, as opposed to the workshops which were aimed at scenario development. Moreover, it allowed us to disseminate information on the IMCORE project and its development, and to raise awareness among an even greater number of stakeholders with regards to the issue of climate change adaptation.

What we achieved

The scenarios were improved through the use of the focus group. This in turn helped raise awareness of IMCORE to more stakeholders.

Problems we had The main difficulty was taking all these divergent pieces of information into account. This meant that sometimes there were conflicting views on the best way forward for an area that was liable to suffer the effects of climate change.
What we learned

Many people were interviewed, which subsequently gave rise to many different viewpoints: not everybody approached climate change adaptation in the same way, nor had the same perspective of this issue and this was due to the different area-specific issues that were at stake. For most of the actors, climate change is an emergent problem and their immediate concerns and approaches only deal with combating climate change, and very rarely, climate change adaptation. In order to improve common ownership of this issue, preliminary work must be carried out on the ground before embarking upon any collective work.


Click here to download the background to the scenarios

Click here to download the power point presentation to introduce scenario workshops

Click here to download a small guideline used during the scenario workshops

This learning portal brings together the results and lessons learned from the IMCORE project. This project was funded under the Interreg IVB programme from 2008 to 2011.

 footertransparent updated